What is Organic Coffee?

Tell me more about organic coffee

Benefits of Organic Coffee (courtesy of Organicdailypost.com)

What Is Organic Coffee?

For coffee to be certified as organic it needs to be grown and processed according to some strict rules. In the US these rules and standards are set by the National Organic Program (NOP) which falls under the US Department of Agriculture. The standards they’ve set are designed to promote sustainable cycling of farm resources, ecological balance and the conservation of biodiversity.

Organic coffee plants are also susceptible to pests but no synthetic fertilizers or pesticides are allowed to be used if the farm is to retain its organic status. In fact, a farm needs to have been free from the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers for three years to be able to have their produce certified as organic.

Only natural pesticides and fertilizers can be used on these farms. While organic pesticides as used, organic farmers are expected to use prevention as their primary form of pest control. When it comes to fertilizers farmers will use things like chicken manure, coffee pulp and general compost instead of the synthetic types that conventional coffee growers use.

Organic coffee is normally grown in shaded forests where the natural environment and ecosystems are retained. This means that the other plants and animals continue to help to manage the bugs and contribute to the natural fertilization of the soil. These farms are also less susceptible to water erosion and changing weather conditions.

The fact that the pesticides used are natural doesn’t mean that they aren’t toxic. While not as toxic as synthetic pesticides these still need to be kept out of surrounding water sources and ecosystems as far as possible. Organic farms are required to maintain buffer zones to prevent unwanted substances from running off into surrounding areas.

All of these requirements, combined with the reduced economies of scale, make the cultivation of organic coffee more expensive than regular coffee. Is it worth it though?

What Are The Benefits Of Organic Coffee?

There are many benefits of organic coffee and these accrue to the consumer, farmer, surrounding communities and the environment.

Health Benefits Of Organic Coffee

Synthetic pesticides are not something you want to be adding to your diet. Although most, if not all, of the pesticides on the beans are burnt off during the roasting process I prefer to be 100% sure I’m not ingesting any. The saying: “You are what you eat” applies to plants too. Using natural fertilizers means that the soil that these plants grow in is more nutrient rich. This results in healthier plants and beans that have more antioxidants, vitamins and minerals.

Environmental Benefits

Because organic farmers don’t use synthetic pesticides or fertilizers these toxic chemicals don’t end up poisoning the air, water and surrounding environment. Organic coffee is grown in shaded forests and so the surrounding vegetation is retained rather than being cleared. This means that birds, insects and other animals continue to thrive in their natural habitat.

The natural vegetation promotes soil retention and also adds to the natural fertilizing of the soil. The nutrients in the soil are retained and replenished naturally making for sustainable farming that will continue to produce crops year after year.

Social Benefits

I don’t like the idea of enjoying a cup of coffee at the expense of someone else’s health or quality of life. When I drink organic coffee I know that the farmer and his workers didn’t have to breathe synthetic pesticides or herbicides to produce it. I enjoy my coffee so much more now, knowing that the people who picked the beans didn’t have to worry that their work might be making them sick.

Farms are usually surrounded by communities of local people and organic farming keeps them healthier than conventional farming does. The areas where coffee is grown are normally rural areas where the residents rely on local water sources for their needs. Organic farming methods ensure that these communities can continue to enjoy clean air and water while benefiting from the employment opportunities that the farm affords them. It also means that when they are at work they are in a safe work environment. Farmers who employ organic farming methods are also more likely to align their business with fair trade practices. They do this both because they see the real societal benefits in their communities but also because their end customers often insist on it.


While organic coffee doesn’t necessarily taste better than conventional coffee I certainly enjoy it more. The experience of having a good cup of coffee is made all the better by knowing that I’m supporting sustainable farming and healthy communities. Knowing that no synthetic pesticides or fertilizers got anywhere near my coffee also means that I’m making a healthier decision.

If you want to enjoy the same peace of mind then do the following:

Make sure that the coffee you buy is certified as organic.

Understand that some smaller coffee growers may not be able to afford certification but may still employ organic methods. Do your research and support smaller growers.

Even if coffee is certified as organic it’s a good idea to check if they also employ fair trade practices.

It does cost a bit more but I feel that the health benefits of organic coffee and the conscience free enjoyment of a great cup make it totally worth it.